Salpingitis - PID

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Salpingitis describes an infection and inflammation in the fallopian tubes. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is also commonly used for the same condition, the difference being that PID can refer to several diseases of the female upper genital tract, such as endometriosis, oophoritis, myometritis, parametritis and infection in the pelvic peritoneum. So Salpingitis only refers to infection and inflammation in the fallopian tubes.

Symptoms

The most common are:

  • Vaginal discharge with abnormal smell and color
  • Alernating Pain with periods
  • Pain during ovulation
  • Lower back pain
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Fever
  • Nausea

The most common cause of Salpingitis is INFECTION:

  • Staphylococcus
  • N. gonorrhoeae
  • Ureaplasma urealyticum
  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Mycoplasma
  • Streptococcus
  • anaerobic and aerobic bacteria

Complications of Salpingitis

  • Infection of ovaries and uterus
  • Infertility, because the eggs released in ovulation can't be reached by sperm
  • The more infections, the more risk of infertility
  • Ovarian abscess
  • Damaged oviducts increase the possibillity of an ectopic pregnancy. So, once one has had salpingitis, there is a 7 to 10-fold risk of an etopic pregnancy with around 50% of ectopic pregnancies being due to a salpingitis infection
  • Infection of sex partners

 Diagram of a basic view of the layout of the Fallopian Tubes which is the base site of Salpingitis4

Base diagram of Salpingitis-affected area of the Fallopian Tubes

 

 

 

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